Employers and employees have responsibilities and duties to prevent accidents. Employers must provide a risk-free environment to their employees. On their part, employees must proceed with caution and obey security measures established at work. However, accidents are inevitable and occur on a daily basis. A work-related accident is defined as any type of injury or wound sustained while performing work activities.
The Most Common Work-Related Accidents and Measures to Take to Avoid Them
- Slips and Falls: These accidents occur in any type of workplace. The employee may slip on a wet floor, bump into a box that is out of place, or trip on a loose or defective step.
- Inspections of the work area should be established to ensure that the area is risk-free. Ensure that there are orange cones to warn if the floor is wet. Use tape to mark off zones or steps that could be dangerous and in need of repair.
- Falls from Heights: These tend to occur in construction zones, usually when employees climb on poorly constructed scaffolding. Many of these accidents result in severe injuries and/or fatalities.
- Have experienced workers safely construct scaffolding. Additionally, a safe place should be selected where the employee can support his or her weight.
- Concussions caused by loose or falling objects: Accidents of this nature are common in factories and construction sites or warehouses. Poorly place pieces or transported negligently can become loose or fall and hit a worker passing below.
- Ensure that objects are placed safely and correctly on shelves. Block off areas where heavy equipment is being lifted into the air so that if it comes loose, no one will be hit.
- Back injuries, including herniated discs: Any type of employment that requires lifting heavy objects, such as employees who deliver appliances, packages, or construction materials. Just one time lifting too much weight can severely injure the back and disable the employee.
- Establish a weight limit per person and provide waist girdles and weight distribution techniques to minimize the risk of injury.
- Fingers or extremities stuck in heavy machinery: Textile industries or factories have operators in close and direct contact with dangerous machinery. An equipment malfunction or carelessness on the part of the operator could instantly cause amputations or crushing.
- Provide breaks for operators after a certain number of hours. Place barriers or protective equipment near machinery as well as sensors like those used in elevators whenever possible.
- Automobile Accidents: Drivers who transport people, deliver equipment, packages, or food are the most susceptible to this type of accident. Statistically, the more one drives the greater the possibility of being involved in an accident, whether at fault or not.
- Defensive driving classes. Reviewing the driver’s record and making sure vehicles receive periodic maintenance.