Personal injury attorneys work with tort law, a branch of law that applies in civil proceedings. Tort law encompasses many practice areas, each with its relevant laws, recognizable patterns, and common injuries.
Most Common Practice Areas for Personal Injury Attorneys
- Medical malpractice
- Slips and falls
- Car accidents
- Dog bites
- Workers’ Compensation
- Construction accidents
Clients suffer many accidents in each of these practice areas, with injuries ranging from relatively mild to severe. Personal injury attorneys represent clients with different situations, such as permanent partial disability, permanent total disability, or even fatal injuries.
The most common injuries suffered by claimants in the above categories include the following:
Work accidents, car accidents, and accidents involving slips and falls, often result in fractures. Although many cases involve simple fractures, there are situations in which bone fracture repair is required, surgery to set the bone, sometimes with metal screws, pins, rods, or plates.
- Herniated discs in the back and neck
These injuries, which occur mainly in car accidents or jobs involving heavy lifting such as construction, often call for arthroscopy to inspect and repair injuries with minimal pain.
- Dog bites
Just one bite penetrating the skin provides sufficient grounds for legal action.
- Cuts, amputations, and crushed digits and extremities
This type of laceration, severe and devastating, often occurs in work situations where appropriate safety measures are lacking, in dangerous factory work or jobs with heavy machinery, which sometimes malfunctions.
- Hearing loss
Hearing less results when workers are exposed to high noise levels for long periods of time. Workers are advised to use hearing protection, which is required by law, but even with hearing protection, they will still suffer hearing loss with extended exposure to high noise levels.
Workers in construction and other industries were exposed to asbestos for many years. With the passing of time, sometimes even twenty years later, they are diagnosed with lung cancer. By the time it is discovered, the prognosis is devastating.
- Repetitive motion injuries, including carpal tunnel
Administrative assistants and those who work with vibrating machines are most susceptible to this malady. Symptoms can improve or disappear with the use of medical devices such as a brace limiting wrist movement.
- Birth defects related to the use of medication during pregnancy
Unfortunately, even medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and widely prescribed for pregnant women have resulted in birth defects and death.
- Wrongful death
Though infrequent, this most severe result of work injuries requires excellent legal representation, since the financial stability of the family might depend on the outcome of the case.