November 8, 2016, will be an important date for the people of the United States, as the next president of what is considered the most powerful country in the world will be elected. Two people who have been well known for their work for years will be facing each other: Donald Trump on the Republican side, a business magnate and celebrity that surprisingly gained popularity in these elections and became the candidate of such a conservative party, and on the Democratic side, Hillary Clinton, ex-First Lady and Secretary of State, who has served the country for many years in various capacities.
The two have faced each other in two controversial debates, looking to position themselves as the favorite in the polls and convince that portion of the population that is still indecisive about who they will vote for.
Nevertheless, in this election a key factor in the contest is the vote of a community which is growing more and more every day in the United States: the Latino community. It is currently estimated that around 56 million Latinos live in the country, more than half of which are Mexicans, 27 million of whom are United States citizens and eligible to vote. The states with the most potential voters are New Mexico, Texas, Arizona, California, and Florida.
This community is considered strategic for 2 simple reasons:
- The Latino community is considered to be a growing population in the United States and never before has this sector of the population been so large.
- The politic platform of regulation and xenophobic policies of the Republican candidate toward this community, especially toward Mexicans. The constant aggression, the plan for deportation of immigrants, personal attacks against Hispanics, his viewing Mexican immigrants as “lawbreakers” and criminals, as well as the proposal to construct a wall along the border between Mexico and the United States have created a feeling of repulsion toward the candidate.
This xenophobic discourse has not gone unnoticed and many people have been reacting against it (nevertheless, there is a portion of people who support him, surprisingly). Celebrities and public figures have united to spread the message, but above all to invite people to vote.
But in summary, what do the two candidates offer the Latino community?
- Legalization of immigrants through a clear immigration system, with those benefiting who have a history of community service, and the elimination of family detention centers that retain undocumented immigrant families.
- Preschool education accessible to all children and more accessible university education.
- Raising the minimum wage in view of the growing income disparity.
- Policies to end racism because of the violence created by this evil.
- For more information about the proposals of Hillary Clinton (in Spanish) visit her page hillaryclinton.com
- Construction of a wall along the border between the United States and Mexico, which according to the candidate should be paid for by Mexicans themselves.
- Deportation of all undocumented immigrants, since they are only in the country to steal jobs from Americans. If this takes place there will be a reduction in labor, considered particularly cheap, for many businesses.
- Cut off remittances that immigrants send to their families around the world, especially to Mexico.
- Increased cost of visas, making it more difficult to obtain them.
- For more information about the proposals of Donald Trump visit his page donaldtrump.com
Surveys give the advantage to the democratic candidate, however, we must take into account that the surveys are not always reliable and above all that in the United States elections are not determined by popular vote, but by the Electoral College, which is a determined number of electors from each state according to the size of the population.
It is important to know that it is not enough to be a citizen of the United States in order to be able to vote (and fulfill the requirements), you must register in order to be able to go to the polls. For more information you can consult the following page vote.gov
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